Influential theorists

Learn more about memory decay here 6.

Famous psychologists 2018

Kahneman is married to cognitive psychologist Anne Treisman. These are five of the most influential icons in the field of psychology. His dual-coding theory DCT involves the storage of nonverbal and verbal information in long-term memory. Drive theory — posits that the presence of an audience causes arousal which creates dominant or typical responses in the context of the situation. Source: The Office of Learning and Teaching, Only through sustained effort of rehearsing information are we able to memorize data for longer than a short period of time. Skinner , behavioral theories dominated psychology during the early half of the twentieth century. Sternberg also taught at Oklahoma State University and Yale University, and has written more than books and articles.

Social comparison theory — suggests that humans gain information about themselves, and make inferences that are relevant to self-esteem, by comparison to relevant others.

Anne Treisman Image Source Psychologist and researcher Anne Marie Treisman has studied attention, perception and memory since earning a doctorate from Oxford University in A sight or sound that we might find interesting captures our attention, and our contemplation of this information - known as rehearsal - leads to the data being promoted to the short-term memory store, where it will be held for a few hours or even days in case we need access to it.

Robert Sternberg Image Source Psychologist and psychometrician Robert Sternberg is responsible for several theories related to creativity and thinking styles, including the Triarchic theory of intelligence.

famous psychologists today

Sternberg also taught at Oklahoma State University and Yale University, and has written more than books and articles. Communities of practice are of course not confined to schools but cover other settings such as workplace and organizations.

Famous psychologists and their theories

He has written more than 20 books, which have been translated into 30 languages. He is also well known for the development of several pioneering software systems used to run psychological experiments. He supports a dynamic, continuous process of change where new learning results in and affects learning environments. Some theories have fallen out of favor, while others remain widely accepted, but all have contributed tremendously to our understanding of human thought and behavior. An ego psychologist who studied with Anna Freud, Erikson expanded psychoanalytic theory by exploring development throughout life, including events of childhood, adulthood, and old age. To the average layperson, the word theory means something of a guess. According to the theory, it is within communities that learning occurs most effectively. Moreover, we can even be coerced into believing invented accounts of events to be true, creating false memories that we then accept as our own. This may involve merely recalling and thinking about a past event, or remembering a fact by rote - by thinking or writing about it repeatedly. They aim to understand the manners in which experiences — whether first or second hand — motivate learners and promote their learning. Perhaps this was what led him to later form his theory of development, which included eight stages. Holyoak is a Distinguished Professor of Psychology at University of California, Los Angeles, where he studies the role of analogy in learning and the transfer of knowledge in children and adults.

Constructivism Constructivism emerged in the s and s, giving rise to the idea that learners are not passive recipients of information, but that they actively construct their knowledge in interaction with the environment and through the reorganization of their mental structures.

Gardner developed the theory of multiple intelligences, which says humans process information in several distinctly separate ways. He has also taught at Harvard University and the University of Michigan.

what are the major theories in psychology
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10 Types of Psychological Theories