An overview of the historic events of the fall of the aztec and inca empires

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Tenochtitlan

The room was then filled twice again with silver objects. An Overview - the Aztec Timeline This Aztec timeline includes the generally agreed upon dates of major events in the empire. Editorial Review This Article has been reviewed for accuracy, reliability and adherence to academic standards prior to publication. Then Cortes, spotting the enemy commander, rallied his best horsemen and charged. Social stratification was significant, and religion played an important role in the spiritual and political life of the people. The Inca were conquered by the Spanish and conquistador Francisco Pizarro in A second puppet ruler was installed — Manqo Inka, another son of Wayna Qhapaq. One of these girls, Malinali, spoke Nahuatl the language of the Aztecs as well as a Mayan dialect understood by one of Cortes' men. The siege was raised again the next year, but once more the Spanish resisted, and when they killed the army leaders in a deliberately targeted attack, resistance to the new order ebbed away. An alliance with the Tepaneca is created.

The images are all in the public domain and are free for anyone to use in any way after viewing the Terms of Use. The Inca king was originally sentenced to death by burning at the stake, but after the monarch agreed to be baptised, this was commuted to death by strangulation. The Spaniards also had nearly half the population of the old empire fighting for them as old rivalries and factions re-emerged.

Aztecs

European diseases like smallpox, mumps and measles were also powerful weapons against the local population, who lacked immunity to them. He and his successors would resist for another four decades. Finally, if all those factors were not enough to give the Spanish a serious advantage, the Incas were at that time hit by an epidemic of European diseases, such as smallpox, which had spread from central America even faster than the European invaders themselves. By the time Velazquez understood Cortes' ambitions, it was too late: Cortes set sail just as the governor was sending orders to remove him from command. In the ensuing battle , where firearms were mismatched against spears, arrows, slings, and clubs, 7, Incas were killed against zero Spanish losses. Although any uprising was certainly averted by the bloodbath, it also had the effect of enraging the city, and when Cortes returned a month later, he found Alvarado and the other men he had left behind under siege and in dire straits. Montezuma was killed by his own people when he was sent out to ask for peace.

Manqo Inka was forced to flee south where he set up an Inca enclave at Vilcabamba. These factors and the superior weaponry of the Europeans meant the Incas had very little chance of defending a huge empire already difficult to manage.

spanish conquest of the aztec empire timeline

Although any uprising was certainly averted by the bloodbath, it also had the effect of enraging the city, and when Cortes returned a month later, he found Alvarado and the other men he had left behind under siege and in dire straits.

In Spanish conquistador Hernan Cortes arrived in Mexico.

Aztec empire for kids timeline

The Spanish soon found out that the vast geographical spread of their new empire and its inherent difficulties in communication and control even if their predecessors had built an excellent road system meant that they faced the same management problems as the Incas. It was a highly structured society with a strict caste system; at the top were nobles, while at the bottom were serfs, indentured servants and slaves. Both sides went away planning to capture or kill the other party at the first available opportunity. Cortes had bigger ideas, however, and began outfitting an expedition of conquest, bringing weapons and horses instead of trade goods or settlement needs. Editorial Review This Article has been reviewed for accuracy, reliability and adherence to academic standards prior to publication. The invaders next defeated an army in retreat at Vilcaswaman but did not have everything their own way and even suffered a military defeat when an advance force was attacked by surprise on their way to Cuzco. The arrival of the Old World into the New turned it upside down. For the Andean people, their way of life, which had stretched back millennia despite the Inca interruption, would be challenged again by the new epoch. An Overview - the Aztec Timeline This Aztec timeline includes the generally agreed upon dates of major events in the empire. They fought the invaders fiercely for almost three weeks before suing for peace in recognition of the Spaniards' tenacity. In the ensuing battle , where firearms were mismatched against spears, arrows, slings, and clubs, 7, Incas were killed against zero Spanish losses. Pachacuti created the Inca Empire which the Inca called the Tawantinsuyu. For various reasons, experts dispute some dates, but this will give you an idea of the flow of events in the history of the empire, up until its fall. The Aztec called their ruler the Tlatoani.

Archaeologists can only apply guesswork through their findings as how important the city of Machu Picchu was during the Inca period of history. Christopher Minster, Ph.

An overview of the historic events of the fall of the aztec and inca empires

History Images U. Learn More. The Incas even imposed their own art across the empire as a way to visually impress exactly who was the ruling class. At its height, the Inca Empire had an estimated population of over 10 million people. They also excelled in mathematics, art, architecture, and astronomy. Updated March 15, In , Hernan Cortes and his small army of conquistadors , driven by gold-lust, ambition and religious fervor, began the audacious conquest of the Aztec Empire. Cortes was smart and tough, but he was also lucky. This was done, and the chamber was piled high with gold objects from jewellery to idols. For various reasons, experts dispute some dates, but this will give you an idea of the flow of events in the history of the empire, up until its fall. For the Andean people, their way of life, which had stretched back millennia despite the Inca interruption, would be challenged again by the new epoch. New info Aztec Timeline It's time to take a look at an Aztec timeline to get an overview of what happened during the times of this civilization. He sent veteran conquistador Panfilo de Narvaez to Mexico to rein in the rebellious Cortes. The rest of the city was planned out in a grid-like fashion and divided up into districts.

Typical Aztec crops included maize cornalong with beans, squashes, potatoes, tomatoes and avocadoes; they also supported themselves through fishing and hunting local animals such as rabbits, armadillos, snakes, coyotes and wild turkey.

They were right. Cuzco and the new Spanish stronghold of Cuidad de Los Reyes Lima were besieged by two huge Inca armies, but the Spaniards held out until the attackers had to retreat.

when did the aztec empire start

Here are some of the important events of the conquest.

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Important Events in the Conquest of the Aztec Empire