An analysis of the united states after the civil war and the history of freedmen

He also worked to promote the Southern economy.

Sharecropping

Here, literally, African Americans, become tourist attractions in of themselves. Scalawags typically supported the Republican Party. The moderates in Congress wanted virtually all of them to vote, but the Radicals resisted. By fall , the new President Andrew Johnson declared the war goals of national unity and the ending of slavery achieved and reconstruction completed. After the war, hundreds of Northern white women moved South, many to teach newly freed African-American children. Introduction 1The American Civil War, , saturates historical narratives of all types—from textbooks, to film, to public history sites. Politically, the carpetbaggers were usually dominant; they comprised the majority of Republican governors and congressmen. Lincoln had supported a middle position: to allow some black men to vote, especially army veterans. A large number became laundresses. Each district was headed by an assistant commissioner. Constitution, adopted between and , the five years immediately following the Civil War. Millions of dollars are poured into preserving the heritage of battlefields, building museums, and creating interpretive programs, especially in the southern state of Virginia.

Others were free blacks before the war, who had achieved education and positions of leadership elsewhere. Congress, the first African American to be directly elected to Congress Revels had been appointedand the first black presiding officer of the U.

White Southerners showed a reluctance to move North, or to move to cities, so the number of small farms proliferated, and they became smaller and smaller as the population grew.

The gaze also forced another sense of physical and psychological ownership upon the subjects African Americansand was not an expected result of the growth of travel and tourism; instead, the tourist gaze was and is a process of construction and negotiation of power relationships orbiting in a web of consumerism, nationalism, and racism.

effects of reconstruction on african american

They moved to impeach Johnson because of his constant attempts to thwart Radical Reconstruction measures, by using the Tenure of Office Act.

The Republican coalition elected numerous African Americans to local, state, and national offices. Some had escaped from slavery to the North, become educated, and returned to help the South advance in the postwar era.

Failures The interpretation of Reconstruction has been a topic of controversy. Conclusion: The Effects of Reconstruction Conclusion: The Effects of Reconstruction Reconstruction was a significant chapter in the history of civil rights in the United States, but most historians consider it a failure.

On the one hand, black Americans earned many political and civil freedoms, including suffrage and equal protection under the law, during Reconstruction from constitutional amendments.

An analysis of the united states after the civil war and the history of freedmen

Although legally equal, black Americans were subject to segregation laws in the South, violence at the hands of white-supremacy groups such as the Ku Klux Klan, and political disfranchisement by state constitutions from to that effectively barred most blacks and many poor whites from voting. On March 3, , Congress passed the bill to aid former slaves through legal food and housing, oversight, education, health care, and employment contracts with private landowners. The Congressional elections turned on the issue of Reconstruction, producing a sweeping Republican victory in the North, and providing the Radical Republicans with sufficient control of Congress to override Johnson's vetoes and commence their own "Radical Reconstruction" in House of Representatives. On the one hand, black Americans earned many political and civil freedoms, including suffrage and equal protection under the law, during Reconstruction from constitutional amendments. Scalawags In U. With the Compromise of , army intervention in the South ceased and Republican control collapsed in the last three state governments in the South. Scalawags, along with carpetbaggers, were also targets of violence, mainly by the Ku Klux Klan. During the time blacks were enslaved, they were prohibited from being educated and attaining literacy. During the Civil War, the Radical Republican leaders argued that slavery and the Slave Power had to be permanently destroyed. Politically, the carpetbaggers were usually dominant; they comprised the majority of Republican governors and congressmen. Concerned that President Johnson was attempting to subvert congressional authority, Republicans in Congress took control of Reconstruction policies after the election of Gubernatorial elections were close and disputed in Louisiana for years, with extreme violence being unleashed during the campaigns. The former slaves also demanded economic independence. Before the war, the population of slaves had been counted as three-fifths of a corresponding number of free whites.

Carpetbaggers were seen as insidious Northern outsiders with questionable objectives, who attempted to meddle with, and control, Southern politics. As a result, states with a majority African-American population often elected only one or two African-American representatives in Congress.

Joseph Hayne Rainey was the first African American to serve as a congressman.

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Conclusion: The Effects of Reconstruction